PHOTO-CHEMICAL ETCHING FOR FILTER PRODUCTION

Jochen Kern, Head of Sales & Marketing, micrometal GmbH

Leading European photo-chemical etching (PCE) specialist, micrometal GmbH (incorporating HP Etch and Etchform) has perfected using the PCE process for the production of ultra-precise metal parts and components, and has over the years become the renowned for the production of extremely exacting meshes and filters.


PCE - PROCESS ADVANTAGES

PCE is a fast, efficient, and cost-effective method for the manufacture of small precision metal parts, and is well suited for development, prototype, and production volumes, and has the ability to ramp up from low to high volume runs extremely quickly. Photo etched parts are burr and stress-free, the complexity of shape is unlimited, and there is absolute flexibility to change the design at any time as the process uses easily altered digital or glass tooling. micrometal has taken these advantages to the next level through its use of proprietary liquid photoresist, high-resolution tooling, and extensive process control innovations. micrometal provides significantly higher precision and consistency than any other etching company.

PCE AND FILTER MANUFACTURING

When applied specifically to the manufacture of filters, PCE is characterised by a number of process advantages. Lead times are reduced dramatically — as are contingent costs — as tooling set up and iterations (which are often necessary) are quick and relatively simple. Being digital, the tooling for PCE can be manipulated on screen with ease and take a matter of hours rather than the days or weeks that would be expected with traditional processes. The tooling never wears or needs refurbishing.

Also, of particular interest to filter manufacturers, special features such as conical holes and complex aperture arrays can be incorporated without cost penalty, as with photo etching component features are machined simultaneously meaning you only pay for the first hole. Using the PCE process, micrometal can produce filters in almost any metal - including hard-to-machine metals such as titanium and aluminium - and varying bar sizes and open area ratios can be incorporated to control flow rates across the filter. A key advantage: etched filters provide comparable filtration quality (particle size) while offering significantly improved flow characteristics due to the smaller wall widths between holes.

Also, as PCE uses fluid to remove metal, it does not produce straight or orthogonal walls and edge profiles. Instead, the PCE process produces a rounding effect which, coupled the ability to tightly control the etched profiles, can allow for the creation of special features and functionality in filters that alternative machining processes cannot achieve. For instance, holes can be etched at an angle to create very specific flow characteristics in addition to particle filtration.

Many industries demand the manufacture of increasingly intricate and geometrically complex filters, which are often designed with custom and non-standard diffusers/passages and aperture arrangements for a wide range of industrial applications. To meet these requirements, OEMs need to choose a precise and versatile manufacturing technology tailored to the needs of companies requiring innovative filters and fabrics. This is where the micrometal Etching Group's PCE process comes into play.

The speed, cost efficiency and accuracy of the PCE process is critical for filter applications. So is the fact that parts are stress- and burr-free, geometric complexity is not constrained and does not increase costs, and design changes are quick and simple. At micrometal, we routinely make fuel system filters, filtration grilles, automotive interior grilles, and filters for implantable medical devices and diagnostic equipment which all benefit from our unique PCE process.

micrometal has evolved the PCE process to make what is already a process synonymous with extreme accuracy and precision even more precise. The company uses a liquid resist only a few microns thick as compared to the much thicker industry standard dry resist which compromises part precision and tolerance attainment. With the liquid resist, micrometal is able to achieve extremely small 25 micron feature sizes, a minimum hole diameter 80% of the material thickness, and single digit micron tolerances repeatably. When applied to the production of filters, this can produce exceptional and unique features not possible using any other fabrication process including traditional PCE.

SUMMARY

PCE is best suited to the fabrication of complex parts with high degrees of accuracy such as meshes and filters, and parts which rely on the integrity of the material. In addition to our use of wet resist instead of dry resist, whereas most PCE service suppliers use digital photo tooling created on films, micrometal uses photo tooling created on glass, which caters for the many applications that require extreme precision. Glass photo tooling can achieve tolerances in the range of 1-2 microns, and negates issues with distortion due to environmental factors such as humidity that are a constant problem when using film tooling. This is why micrometal is the go-to supplier of intricate, often safety critical, precision filters for leading names across a range of high-tech industry sectors.

www.micrometal.de/en

ENDS

About micrometal

micrometal GmbH (incorporating HP Etch and Etchform) specialises in the industrial production of highly precise metal components. The 3 companies photo-chemically etch very large numbers of parts for a multitude of industries with an accuracy that is unique. The companies etch a huge range of metals, and deliver customer-specific, clean, complex components, free of stress and burrs. micrometal's, Etchform's, and HP Etch's combined processes and expertise offer the right solution for every challenge. The companies provide a one-stop-shop to customers looking to benefit from a world-class photo-chemical etching service.

Featured Product

CIMON-XPANEL - Industrial Operating Touch Panel

CIMON-XPANEL - Industrial Operating Touch Panel

CIMON-XPANEL is a Windows CE based HMI unit. A combination of software and hardware, suitable for various monitoring needs within industrial sites.